Kentville Nutritionist - Nutritional diseases are conditions in human beings which are directly or indirectly caused by deficiency in vital nutrients within the food intake. These illnesses are commonly connected with chronic malnutrition. Conditions like obesity because of too much eating can also considerably contribute to serious health problems. Acute poisoning can result from an excessive intake of some nutrients.
When the body consumes too many calories than the amount of exercise the body is performing, obesity can take place as a result of a distorted energy balance. It could lead to health concerns like diabetes and cardiovascular disease. Obesity could lead to an increased mortality and different health problems.
One more significant factor in rates of obesity is the low-cost foods that are more readily available within the poorer neighbourhoods. Fast foods are usually very high in additives, fats and sugars, while providing low nutritional values. In more rich countries, obesity is a sign of malnutrition and poverty. Conversely, in poorer nations, obesity is normally connected with good nutrition and wealth. Other causes of obesity include: heredity, lack of sleep, stress and lack of exercise. Acute overeating can likewise be a symptom of an eating disorder, like Bulimia.
The intake of Goitrogenic foods can result in goitres by interfering with iodine uptake in the body.
Vitamins and Micronutrients
When the body experiences very high storage levels of vitamins, vitamin poisoning can happen resulting in toxic symptoms. The various names of the conditions will be derived from the name of the vitamin involved. For example, hypervitaminosis A refers to too much vitamin A in the body. Iron overload disorders are sicknesses which take place due to the over accumulation of iron within the body and the inability for this nutrient to exit, thus leading to a dangerous build up. Haemochromotosis is an example and the organs which can be affected include the the heart, the liver and the endocrine glands.
When certain nutrients are unavailable to the system, severe health problems are likely to happen. Lack of proteins, fats and carbohydrates for instance, can lead to protein energy malnutrition referred to as Kwashiorkor disease. Mental retardation and Marasmus could also result. When minerals and vitamins are restricted from the food intake to poor nutrition, illnesses like for example Rickets, Calcium Osteoporosis, Iodine Deficiency or Goitre, Beriberi, Tetany, Selenium deficiency, Iron Deficiency or Anemia and Zinc Growth Retardation among others can take place.
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