Depression Kentville - Depression is a condition of low mood which can affect an individual's behaviour, thoughts, feelings and physical well being. It can result in aversion to activities that one formerly enjoyed, as well as feelings of hopelessness, sadness, guilt, emptiness, anxiety, irritability and restlessness.
People who are suffering depression could have trouble making decisions, remembering details or concentrating. Some situations can be harder to deal with at times, when suffering these cognitive impairments. Sadly, various extremely depressed individuals could contemplate or even attempt suicide. Different indications can include excessive sleeping or insomnia, dramatic weight change, either loss or gain, fatigue, digestive problems, pains, aches, loss of energy and changes in sleep patterns.
It is common for individuals to go through a depressed mood as a reaction to particular life events and likewise as a sign to numerous medical conditions comprising Addison's disease and hypothyroidism. Depression is also a feature of various psychiatric syndromes. There are various illnesses that feature depression.
Mood disorders are a category of disorders that are considered to be mostly disturbances of mood. In this category, major depressive disorder or major disorder, usually referred to as MDD for short, also known as clinical depression, is when at least 2 someone goes through 2 weeks of loss of interest or a depressed mood or loss of pleasure in practically all daily activities.
Those individuals who are dealing with bipolar disorder can go through episodes of major depression. The state of chronic depressed mood is referred to as Dysthymia. In Dysthymia, the symptoms do not meet the severity of a major depressive episode. Borderline personality disorder is one more condition that is outside the mood disorders but where a chronic depressed mood is also a common feature. There are a number of psychiatric syndromes that feature depressed mood as the main indication. Adjustment disorder with depressed mood is another mood disturbance that appears as a psychological response to an identifiable event or stressor. In this case, the resulting emotional behavioural indications are important, though they do not meet the criteria for a major depressive episode.
A depressed mood could be present in people for various reasons. They might be result of physiological problems or infectious diseases. Like for example, mononucleosis or glandular fever is an example that can be caused by two separate viral infections. This particular condition usually results in symptoms which copy a depressive psychiatric disorder. Normally, the depression is amongst the initial symptoms of hypothyroidism too, which is reduced activity of the thyroid. Numerous individuals coping with debilitating and chronic diseases or those who are on daily medications experience depressed mood also.
Life events can start depression in some individuals. This could lead to a dangerous feedback loop, since re-living the events and remembering the feelings could lead to further depression. This could hinder the ability of the individual to take initiative and solve problems. Psychology is usually a positive choice for people who are suffering from depression due to life events.
Scientifically speaking, depression is attributed to changes in the neurotransmitters found within the brain that help the cells communicate. These substances are referred to as nor epinephrine, dopamine and serotonin. Many things can influence these neurotransmitters like for instance: physical sicknesses, genetics, hormonal changes, diet, personality, aging, substance abuse, social circumstances, light and seasonal cycle changes, and medications.
To be able to complete an assessment, typically a physician would complete a full physical assessment, record the patient medical history and carefully evaluate the indications so as to establish the cause of the depression. Specific standardized questionnaires consisting of the Beck Depression Inventory and the Hamilton Rating Scale for Depression might be utilized.
Generally, the doctor will perform a medical exam and certain investigations in order to cancel out whichever other indications or reasons. Some of these tests consist of blood tests measuring the thyroxin and TSH levels so as to exclude hypothyroidism. Basic electrolytes and serum calcium are measured to be able to insure there is no metabolic disturbance. A full blood count consisting of ESR is taken to be able to check for systemic infections or chronic illness. It is important to also rule out adverse reactions to whatever alcohol misuse or medications. Testosterone levels could even be evaluated to be able to check hypogonadism which is a condition known to cause depression in males.
So as to help differentiate dementia from depression, cognitive brain testing together with brain imaging is available. Subjective cognitive complaints might be able to indicate the onset of a dementia disorder such as Alzheimer's disease. A CT scan can even be taken to be able to exclude brain pathology within those with rapid-onset, psychotic or otherwise unusual symptoms.
Dependent upon the cause of depression, treatment differs from patient to patient, with many likely solutions obtainable. At times it is hard for the psychologists, psychiatrists and physicians to know which one is best recommended. It is essential that depressed individuals acquire the help they need, either through mediation, cognitive behavioural therapy or counseling in order to live their lives to their fullest potential.
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